N1HA: Number One Historical Archives, Beijing
PM: Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Gongzhong Dang Jiaqing Chao (Secret palace memorials of the Jiaqing reign). Taipei: National Palace Museum. Cited as GZDJQ (PM).
Jiaobu Dang (Record of pursuit and arrest). Cited as JBD (PM).
Junji chu lufu zouzhe, minzu shiwu lei (Grand Council reference copies of palace memorials, minority affairs category). Cited as JCLZ mzl (N1HA).
Xingke Tiben, tudi zhaiwu lei (Board of punishments office of scrutiny, routine memorials, homicide cases related to disputes over land and debt). (N1HA).
Zhupi zouzhe, minzu shiwu lei (Palace memorials, minority affairs category). Cited as ZPZZ mzl (N1HA).
Gongzhong Dang Yongzheng chao (Secret palace memorials of the Yongzheng reign). Taipei: National Palace Museum, 1978. Cited as GZDYZ. [Note: YZZPYZ (see below) is organized by memorialist, while GZDYZ is organized by date. Citations are written to reflect the internal organization of each collection.]
Qianlong chao zhengban tanwu dang’an xuanbian (A collection of archival materials on corruption cases from the Qianlong reign). Compiled by the Number One Historical Archives. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1984.
Qingdai Jiaqing nianjian Guizhou Buyizu “Nanlong qiyi” ziliao xuanbian “” (Collected materials on the “Nanlong Uprising” of the Buyi people during the Jiaqing Reign). Jointly compiled by the China Number One Historical Archives, the Southwest Guizhou People’s Committee, and the Guizhou Buyi Studies Committee. Guiyang: Guizhou minzu chubanshe, 1989. Cited as NQX.
Qingdai qianqi Miaomin qiyi dang’an shiliao huibian (Collected archival materials on the uprisings of the Miao people during the early Qing dynasty). 3 vols. Jointly compiled by the China Number One Historical Archives, the People’s University Institute of Qing History, and the Guizhou Provincial Archives. Beijing: Guangming ribao chubanshe, 1987.
Yongzheng chao Hanwen zhupi zouzhe huibian (Collection of Chinese-language palace memorials from the Yongzheng reign), edited by China Number One Historical Archives. Nanjing: Jiangsu guji chubanshe, 1989. Cited as YZHZZ.
Yongzheng Zhupi Yuzhi (The vermillion rescripts and edicts of the Yongzheng reign). Taipei: Wenyuan shuju, 1965. Cited as YZZPYZ. [Note: YZZPYZ is organized by memorialist, while GZDYZ (see above) is organized by date. Citations are written to reflect the internal organization of each collection.
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES
Adas, Michael. Prophets of Rebellion: Millenarian Protest Movements against the European Colonial Order. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Aibida Qiannan shilue (A handbook of Guizhou). 1750. Reprint, Guiyang: Guizhou renmin chubanshe, 1992.
Alberts, Eli. A History of Daoism and the Yao People of South China. New York: Cambria Press, 2006.
Anshun fuzhi (Gazetteer of Anshun prefecture), 1851.
Atwill, David G. The Chinese Sultanate: Islam, Ethnicity, and the Panthay Rebellion in Southwest China, 1856–1873. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.
———. “Trading Places: Resistance, Ethnicity, and Governance in Nineteenth-Century Yunnan.” In Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs: Qing Crisis Management and the Boundaries of State Power in Late Imperial China. Edited byRobert J. Antony and Jane Kate Leonard, 245–72. Cornell East Asia Series, 114. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002.
Barlow, Jeffrey G. “The Zhuang.” Electronic manuscript. http://mcel.pacificu.edu/as/resources/zhuang/zhuang9.htm#_edn15.
———.“The Zhuang Minority in the Ming Era,” Ming Studies, no. 28 (Fall 1989): 15–41.
———. “The Zhuang Minority of the Sino-Vietnamese Frontier in the Song Period,” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 18, no. 2 (September 1987): 250–69.
Bartlett, Beatrice S. “Imperial Notations on Ch’ing Official Documents in the Ch’ien-lung (1736–1795) and Chia-ch’ing (1796–1820) Reigns,” National Palace Museum Bulletin 7, no. 2 (May-June 1972): 1–13 and no. 3 (July-August 1972): 1–13.
———. Monarchs and Ministers: The Grand Council in Mid-Ch’ing China, 1723–1830. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.
———. “Review of The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions.” In Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 61, no. 1 (June 2001): 171–83.
———. “The Secret Memorials of the Yung-cheng Period (1723–1735): Archival and Published Versions.” National Palace Museum Bulletin9, no. 4 (September-October 1974): 1–12.
Bello, David A. Opium and the Limits of Empire: Drug Prohibition in the Chinese Interior, 1729–1850. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005.
Bonnin, Christine and Sarah Turner. “At what price rice? Food security, livelihoods, and state interventions in upland northern Vietnam.” Geoforum 43 (2012): 95–105.
Buoye, Thomas. Manslaughter, Markets, and Moral Economy: Violent Disputes over Property Rights in Eighteenth-century China. Cambridge Studies in Chinese Literature, History and Institutions. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Burusuphat, Somsonge and Megan Sinnott, eds. Kam-Tai Oral Literatures. Bangkok: T& D Publishing, Ltd., 1998.
Cauquelin, Josiane. Au Pays des Buyi: Une ethnie du berceau Thai, Province du Guizhou Chine. Olizane: Les Cahiers de Peninsule, No. 4, 1998.
Chai Xingyi ed. Zhonghua renmin gongheguo diming cidian: Guizhou sheng (A dictionary of place names in the People’s Republic of China: Guizhou province). Beijing: Shangwu yin shuguan, 1994.
Chen Dingxiu “Qianxi Nanlong qiyi yuanyin” (A brief analysis of the origins of the Nanlong Uprising). Buyi i xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 58–65.
Clarke, Samuel R. Among the Tribes of Southwest China. London: Morgan and Scott, Ltd.,1911.
Crais, Clifton. “Chiefs and Bureaucrats in the Making of Empire: A Drama from the Transkei, South Africa, October 1880.” American Historical Review 108, no. 4 (October 2003): 1034–56.
Cressey, George Babcock. Land of the 500 Million: A Geography of China. New York: McGraw Hill, 1955.
Cronon, William, George Miles, and Jay Gitlin, “Becoming West: Toward a New Meaning for Western History.”In Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America’s Western Past. Edited by William Cronon, George Miles, and Jay Gitlin, 3–27. London and New York: W.W. Norton, 1992.
Crossley, Pamela K. “Manzhou yuanliu kao and the Formalization of the Manchu Heritage,” Journal of Asian Studies 46, no. 4 (November 1987).
———, Helen F. Siu, and Donald S. Sutton, eds. Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity and Frontier in Early Modern China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
Dading fuzhi (Gazetteer of Dading prefecture), 1850.
Dai, Yingcong. “The Rise of the Southwestern Frontier under the Qing, 1640–1800.” PhD dissertation, University of Washington, 1996.
———. The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet: Imperial Strategy in the Early Qing. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2009.
Daqing luli (Great Qing code) 1740. Reprint. Tianjin: Tianjin guji chubanshe, 1991.
Deal, David M. and Laura Hostetler, trans., The Art of Ethnography: A Chinese Miao Album. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006.
Despeux, Catherine. “Talismans and Diagrams.” Translated by Livia Kohn. In Daoism Handbook. Edited by Livia Kohn, 499–540. Leiden: Brill, 2000.
Diamond, Norma. “Defining the Miao: Ming, Qing, and Contemporary Views.” In Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers. Edited by Stevan Harrell, 92–116. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.
Diller, Anthony V. N., Jerold A. Edmonson, and Luo Yingxian, eds. The Tai-Kadai Languages. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Ebrey, Patricia. “Surnames and Han Chinese Identity.” In Negotiating Ethnicities in China and Taiwan. Edited by Melissa J. Brown, 19–36. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies Research Monograph 46 (University of California), 1996.
Edmondson, Jerold A. “Change and Variation in Zhuang.” In Papers from the Second Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society. Edited by Karen L. Adams and Thomas John Hudak, 147–85. Arizona State University, Program for Southeast Asian Studies, 1994.
———. “The power of language over the past: Tai settlement and Tai linguistics in southern China and northern Vietnam.” In Studies in Southeast Asian languages and linguistics. Edited by Harris et al., 39–64. Bangkok: Ek Phim Tai Co., Ltd., 2007.
——— and David B. Solnit, eds. Comparative Kadai: The Tai Branch. Arlington TX: University of Texas at Arlington Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1997.
Elliot, Mark C. “The Manchu-language Archives of the Qing Dynasty and the Origins of the Palace Memorial System.” Late Imperial China 22, no. 1 (June 2001): 1–70.
Elvin, Mark. The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.
Esposito, Monica. “Daoism in the Qing.” In Daoism Handbook. Edited by Livia Kohn, 623–59. Leiden: Brill, 2000.
Forsyth, Tim and Jean Michaud. “Rethinking the Relationships between Livelihoods and Ethnicity in Highland China, Vietnam, and Laos.” In Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highland China, Vietnam, and Laos. Edited by Jean Michaud and Tim Forsyth, 1–27. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2011.
Ge, Quansheng, Junhu Dai, Fanneng He, Jingyun Zheng, Zhimin Man, and Yun Zhao. “Spatiotemporal dynamics of reclamation and cultivation and its driving factors in parts of China during the last three centuries.” Progress in Natural Science 14, no. 7 (July 2004): 605–13.
Gedney, William J. “Yay, a Northern Tai Language in North Vietnam,” Lingua 14 (1965): 180–93.
Giersch, C. Patterson. Asian Borderlands: The Transformation of Qing China’s Yunnan Frontier. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
———. “‘A Motley Throng:’ Social Change on Southwest China’s Early Modern Frontier, 1700–1880.” The Journal of Asian Studies 60, no. 1 (February 2001): 67–94.
Giersch, Charles Patterson Jr. “Qing China’s Reluctant Subjects: Indigenous Communities and Empire Along the Yunnan Frontier.” PhD dissertation, Yale University, 1998.
Gong Yin Zhongguo tusi zhidu (The tusi system in China). Kunming: Yunnan minzu chubanshe, 1992.
Guangshun zhouzhi (Gazetteer of Guangshun department), 1846.
Guizhou tongzhi (Gazetteer of Guizhou province), 1697 and 1741.
Guy, R. Kent. Qing Governors and their Provinces: The Evolution of Territorial Administration in China, 1644–1796.Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2010.
Harrell, Stevan. “Civilizing Projects and the Reaction to Them.” In Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers. Edited by Stevan Harrell, 3–36. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.
———.“The History of the History of the Yi.” In Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers. Edited by Stevan Harrell, 63–91. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.
———. “The Nationalities Question and the Prmi Problem.” In Negotiating Ethnicities in China and Taiwan. Edited by Melissa J. Brown, 274–96. Berkeley: Institute for East Asian Studies, University of California, 1996.
———. Ways of Being Ethnic in Southwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001.
He, Caihua, Kanging Xiong, Xiaoling Li, and Xing Cheng, “Karst Geomorphology and its Agricultural Implications in Guizhou, China.” Suppl. Geogr. Fis. Dinam. Quat.III, T. 4 (1998): 121–25.
He Renzhong ed. Guizhou tongshi. Di san juan, Qingdai de Guizhou (A comprehensive history of Guizhou, part 3, Qing dynasty Guizhou). Beijing: Dangdai Zhongguo chubanshe, 2002.
He Weifu Qingdai Guizhou shangpin jingjishi yanjiu (Research on the economic history of commodities in Qing dynasty Guizhou). Beijing: Zhongguo jingji chubanshe, 2007.
Herman, John E. Amid the Clouds and Mist: China’s Colonization of Guizhou, 1200–1700. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
———. “The Cant of Conquest: Tusi Offices and China’s Political Incorporation of the Southwest Frontier.” In Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China, Edited by Pamela Kyle Crossley, Helen F. Siu, and Donald Sutton, 135–70. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
———. “Empire in the Southwest: Early Qing Reforms to the Native Chieftain System.” The Journal of Asian Studies 56, no. 1 (February 1997): 47–74.
———.“The Mu’ege Kingdom: A brief history of a frontier empire in Southwest
China.” In Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries, and Human Geographies in Chinese History. Edited by Nicola Di Cosmo and Don J. Wyatt, 245–85. London and New York: Routledge Curzon, 2003.
Herrold, Melinda. “The Cranes of Caohai and Other Incidents of Fieldwork in Southwest China.” Geographical Review 89, no. 3 (July 1999): 440–48.
Hind, Robert J. “The Internal Colonial Concept.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 26, no. 3 (July 1984): 543–68.
Ho, Ping-ti. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1959.
Holm, David. “The Exemplar of Filial Piety and the End of the Ape-Man: Dong Yong in Guangxi and Guizhou Ritual Performance.” T’oung Pao 90 (June 2004): 32–64.
———. Killing a Buffalo for the Ancestors: A Zhuang Cosmological Text from Southwest China. DeKalb, IL: Southeast Asia Publications, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University, 2003.
———. Recalling Lost Souls: The Baeu Rodo Tai Cosmogonic Texts from Guangxi in Southern China. Bangkok: White Lotus, 2004.
Hostetler, Laura. “Chinese Ethnography in the Eighteenth Century: Miao Albums of Guizhou Province.” PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1995.
———.“Introduction: Early Modern Ethnography in Comparative Historical Perspective.” In David M. Deal and Laura Hostetler, trans., The Art of Ethnography: A Chinese Miao Album, xiv-lxvii. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006.
———. Qing Colonial Enterprise: Ethnography and Cartography in Early Modern China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Hsiao Kung-chuan. Rural China: Imperial Control in the Nineteenth Century. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1960.
Huang Jiaxin Zhuangzu diqu tusi zhidu yu gaitu guiliu yanjiu (Research on the tusi system and gaitu guilu in Zhuang regions). Hefei: Hefei gongye daxue chubanshe, 2007.
Huang, Pei. Autocracy at Work: A Study of the Yung-cheng Period, 1723–35. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975.
Huang Yiren Buyizu shi (A history of the Buyi nationality). Guiyang: Guizhou minzu chubanshe, 1999.
———. Buyizu zongjiao xinyang yu wenhua (Religious beliefs and culture of the Buyi nationality). Beijing: Zhongyang minzu daxue chubanshe, 2002.
Hucker, Charles O. A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Taipei: SMC Publishing, 1996.
Hummel, Arthur W., ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch’ing Period. 2 volumes. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.
Jin Anjiang . “Cong Nanlong qiyi kan jindai Buyizu diqu de minzu guanxi” (Looking at modern ethnic relations in Buyi regions since the Nanlong Uprising). Buyi i xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 115–29.
Kaup, Katherine Palmer. Creating the Zhuang: Ethnic Politics in China. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2000.
———. “Regionalism Versus Ethnic Nationalism in the People’s Republic of China.” The China Quarterly No. 172 (December 2002), 863–84.
Khanittanan, Wilaiwan. “Taoist Influence in Tai Languages and Cultures.” In SEALS XIV: Papers from the 14th annual meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, Volume I. Edited by Wilaiwan Khanittanan and Paul Sidwell, 185–92. Canberra: Australian National University, 2008.
Kleeman, Terry F. “Ethnic Identity and Daoist Identity in Traditional China.”In Daoist Identity: History, Lineage and Ritual. Edited by Livia Kohn and Harold David Roth, 1–18. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2002.
Kuhn, Philip A. Soulstealers: The Chinese Sorcery Scare of 1768. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Langlois, John. D. “The Hongwu Reign.” In The Cambridge History of China. Volume 9, The Ming Dynasty Part 1. Edited by Frederick W. Mote and Dennis Twitchett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Leach, Edmund R. “The Frontiers of ‘Burma.’” Comparative Studies in Society and History Vol. 3, no.1 (October 1960): 49–68.
Lee, James. “Food Supply and Population Growth in Southwest China, 1250–1850.” Journal of Asian Studies, 41, no. 4 (August 1982): 711–46.
Lee, Lilly Xiao Hong, A. D. Stefanowska, and Clara Wing Chung-ho, eds. Biographical dictionary of Chinese women: The Qing Dynasty. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 1998.
Leng Tianfang . “Zongjiao yu ‘Nanlong qiyi’” (Religion in the ‘Nanlong Uprising’), Buyi xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 130–38.
Li Chi. The Travel Diaries of Hsu Hsia-k’e. Hong Kong: The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1974.
Li, Huaiyin. Village Governance in North China, 1875–1936. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.
Li Qingfu and Xu Xianlong , eds. Buyizu jianshi (A concise history of the Buyi nationality). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe, 2008.
Lin Jianzeng . “Guizhou de jingji fazhan he renkou zengjia” (Guizhou’s economic development and population growth). Guizhou ribao, September 9, 2003.
Lipman, Jonathan N. Familiar Strangers: A History of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.
Lombard-Salmon, Claudine. Un exemple d’acculturation Chinoise: Guizhou au XVIIIeme siecle (An example of Chinese acculturation: Guizhou in the eighteenth century). Paris: Ecole Francais d’Extreme-Orient, 1972.
Ma Ruxing and Cheng Chongde . Qingdai bianjiang kaifa (The opening of frontiers during the Qing dynasty). 2 vols. Taiyuan: Shanxi People’s Publishing House, 1998.
Mann, Susan. “Mann on Hostetler.” In Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History vol. 2, no. 3 (Winter 2001).
McCord, Edward A. “Local Military Power and Elite Formation: The Liu Family of Xingyi County, Guizhou.”In Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance. Edited by Joseph W. Esherick and Mary B. Rankin, 162–90. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
McGee, Terry, “Forward.” In Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highland China, Vietnam, and Laos. Edited by Jean Michaud and Tim Forsyth, ix-xvi. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2011.
McMahon, Daniel. “Identity and Conflict on a Chinese Borderland: Yan Ruyi and the Recruitment of the Gelao during the 1795–97 Miao Revolt.” Late Imperial China Vol. 23, no. 2 (December 2002): 53–86.
———. “New Order in Hunan’s Miao Frontier,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 9, no.1 (Spring 2008).
———. “Restoring the Garden: Yan Ruyi and the Civilizing of China’s Internal Frontiers, 1795–1805.” PhD dissertation, University of California-Davis, 1998.
McNicholas, Mark. “Poverty Tales and Statutory Politics in Mid-Qing Fraud Cases.” In Writing and Law in Late Imperial China: Crime, Conflict, and Judgment. Edited by Robert E. Hegel and Katherine Carlitz, 143–60. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007.
Michaud, Jean. Historical Dictionary of the Peoples of the Southeast Asian Massif. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2006.
———. “Hmong infrapolitics: A view from Vietnam.” Ethnic and Racial Studies Vol. 35, no. 11 (2012): 1853–73.
Millward, James A. Beyond the Pass: Economy, Ethnicity, and Empire in Qing Central Asia, 1759–1864. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.
———. “New Perspectives on the Qing Frontier.” In Remapping China: Fissures in Historical Terrain. Edited by Gail Hershatter, Emily Honig, Jonathan N. Lipman, and Randall Stross, 113–29. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
———. “A Uyghur Muslim in Qianlong’s Court: The Meanings of the Fragrant Concubine,” The Journal of Asian Studies 53, no. 2 (May 1994): 427–58.
Mote, F. W. Imperial China, 900–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Mullaney, Thomas S. Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.
Nanlong fuzhi (Gazetteer of Nanlong prefecture), 1765.
Oakes, Tim. “Cultural Strategies of Development: Implications for Village Governance in China.” The Pacific Review 19, no. 1 (March 2006): 13–37.
Oakes, Timothy. “Selling Guizhou: Cultural Development in an Era of Marketization.” In The Political Economy of China’s Provinces. Edited byH. Hendrischke and C. Y. Feng, 27–67. London and New York:Routledge, 1999.
Ortner, Sherry. Anthropology and Social Theory: Culture, Power, and the Acting Subject. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.
Park, Nancy, and Robert Antony. “Archival Research in Qing Legal History.” Late Imperial China 14, no. 1 (June 1993), 93–137.
Park, Nancy E. “Corruption in Eighteenth-century China,” Journal of Asian Studies 56: no. 4 (November 1997): 976–1006.
Perdue, Peter C. China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005.
———. “Comparing Empires: Manchu Colonialism.” International History Review 20, no. 2 (June 1998): 238–62.
———. “Military Mobilization in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century China, Russia, and Mongolia.” Modern Asian Studies 30, no. 4 (1996): 757–93.
Perkins, Dwight. Agricultural Development in China, 1368–1968. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.
Perry, Elizabeth J. Challenging the Mandate of Heaven: Social Protest and State Power in China. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2002.
———. Rebels and Revolutionaries in North China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1980.
Pregadio, Fabrizio, ed. The Encyclopedia of Taoism. Volumes I and II. London: Routledge, 2008.
Qingdai de kuangye (Mining industries during the Qing dynasty). Compiled by the Institute of History, People’s University. Beijing: Renmin daxue chubanshe, 1983.
Qing Shilu Guangxi ziliao huibian , Volume 1 (A collection of materials on Guangxi from the Qing shilu). Jointly compiled by the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Bureau of Local Gazetteers and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Library. Nanning: Guangxi renmin chubanshe, 1982.
Qing Shilu Guizhou ziliao jiyao (A collection of materials on Guizhou from the Qing Veritable Records). Guiyang: Guizhou renmin chubanshe. Cited as QSL-GZ.
Rawski, Evelyn S. The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Robinet, Isabelle. “Shangqing.” In The Encyclopedia of Taoism, Volume 2. Edited by Fabrizio Pregadio, 858–66. London: Routledge, 2008.
———. Taoism: Growth of a Religion. Translated by Phyllis Brooks. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.
Rowe, William T. China’s Last Empire: The Great Qing. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2009.
———. “Education and Empire in Southwest China: Ch’en Hung-mou in Yunnan, 1733–1738.” In Education and Society in Late Imperial China. Edited by Benjamin A. Elman and Alexander Woodside, 417–57. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
———. Saving the World: Chen Hongmou and Elite Consciousness in Eighteenth-century China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Sahlins, Marshall. “What is Anthropological Enlightenment? Some Lessons of the Twentieth Century.” Annual Review of Anthropology (1999): i-xxiii.
Schein, Louisa. Minority Rules: The Miao and the Feminine in China’s Cultural Politics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000.
Scott, James C. The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010.
———. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990.
———. The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1976.
———. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.
Seidel, Anna. “Taoist Messianism,” Numen 31, no. 2 (December 1984):164–71.
Shi Jizhong . “Qian Gui bianjiang Zhuangzu Buyizude tingmu zhidu” (The tingmu system of the Zhuang and Buyi nationalities in the Qian-Gui [Guizhou-Guangxi] borderlands). In Xinan minzu shehui xingtai yu jingji wenhua leixing (The social formations and cultural and economic types of the ethnic minorities in southwest China). Edited by Shi Jizhong, 288–307. Southwest China Study Series. Kunming: Yunnan Educational Publishing House, 1997.
Shin, Leo K. The Making of the Chinese State: Ethnicity and Expansion on the Ming Borderlands. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Smith, Kent Clarke. “Ch’ing Policy and the Development of Southwest China: Aspects of Ortai’s Governor-Generalship, 1726–1731.” PhD dissertation, Yale University, 1971.
Snyder, Will C. “Bouyei Phonology.” In The Tai-Kadai Languages. Edited by Anthony V. N. Diller, Jerold A. Edmonson, and Luo Yingxian, 378–88. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Spence, Jonathan D. Ts’ao Yin and the K’ang-hsi Emperor: Bondservant and Master. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966.
Spencer, J. E. “Kueichou: An Internal Chinese Colony.” Pacific Affairs 13, no. 2 (June 1940): 162–72.
Strassberg, Richard. Inscribed Landscapes: Travel Writing from Imperial China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.
Strickmann, Michel. Chinese Magical Medicine. Edited by Bernard Faure. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
Struve, Lynn A. The Southern Ming, 1644–1662. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1984.
Sturgeon, Janet C. “Rubber Transformations: Post-Socialist Livelihoods and Identities for Akha and Tai Lue Farmers in Xishuangbanna, China.” In Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highland China, Vietnam, and Laos, edited by Jean Michaud and Tim Forsyth, 193–214. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2011.
Sun, E-tu Zen. “Ch’ing Government and the Mineral Industries Before 1800,” The Journal of Asian Studies 27, no. 4 (August, 1968): 835–45.
———. “Mining Labor in the Ch’ing Period.” In Approaches to Modern Chinese History. Edited by Albert Feuerwerker, Rhoads Murphey, and Mary C. Wright, 45–68. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967.
Sutton, Donald S. “Ethnicity and the Miao Frontier in the Eighteenth Century.” In Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China. Edited by Pamela Kyle Crossley, Helen F. Siu, and Donald S. Sutton, 190–228. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006.
———. “Ethnic Revolt in the Qing Empire: The ‘Miao Uprising’ of 1795–1796 Reexamined.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 17, no. 1 (2003): 105–51.
“Tantao Ceheng Buyizu yuan” (Investigating the origins of the Buyi nationality in Ceheng). Ceheng wenshi ziliao (Literary and historical materials from Ceheng) 3 (1985): 69–79.
Teng, Emma Jinhua. Taiwan’s Imagined Geography: Chinese Colonial Travel Writing and Pictures, 1683–1895. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
ter Haar, Barend. “A New Interpretation of the Yao Charters.” In New Developments in Asian Studies: An Introduction. Edited by Paul van der Velde and Alex McKay, 3–19. London and New York: Keegan Paul International, 1998.
Thomas, Nicholas. Colonialism’s Culture: Anthropology, Travel, and Government. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Tian Yuan . “‘Wang Xiangu,’ ‘Nanlong fanbing ge’ qianxi” (A brief analysis of “Wang Xiangu” and “Song of the Nanlong Resistance”). Buyi xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 286–90.
Took, Jennifer. A Native Chieftaincy in Southwest China: Franchising a Tai Chieftaincy under the Tusi System of Late Imperial China. Leiden: Brill, 2005.
Tregear, T. R. A Geography of China. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company, 1965.
Tsao, Kai-fu. “The Rebellion of the Three Feudatories Against the Manchu Throne in China, 1673–1681: Its Setting and Significance.” PhD dissertation, Columbia University, 1965.
Turner, Sarah. “Making a Living the Hmong Way: An Actor-Oriented Livelihoods Approach to Everyday Politics and Resistance in Upland Vietnam.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 102 (2012): 1–22.
Vansina, Jan. Oral Tradition as History. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.
Wang Fangheng, . “Nanlong qiyi zhong de wushu wenti (The question of sorcery in the Nanlong Uprising),” Buyi xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 145–52.
Wang Huiliang . “Lun Buyizu mingcheng ji jiancheng” (A discussion of the Buyi name and its short forms). Buyi xue yanjiu 1 (1989): 49–58.
Wang Mingke . Qiangzai Han Zangzhijian (The Qiang: between Han and Tibetans). Liaojing chubanshe, 2003.
Wang Yeh-chien. Land Taxation in Imperial China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1973.
Whittaker, Jacob Tyler. “Yi identity and Confucian empire: Indigenous Local Elites, Cultural Brokerage, and the Colonization of the Lu-ho Tribal Polity of Yunnan, 1174–1745.” PhD dissertation, University of California-Davis, 2008.
Wright, Daniel B. The Promise of the Revolution: Stories of Fulfillment and Struggle in China’s Hinterland. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2003.
Wu Changxing . “Qianxi Nanlong Buyizu qiyi baofa yuanyin” (A brief analysis of the reasons for the outbreak of the Nanlong Buyi Uprising). Buyi xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 71–78.
Xilong zhouzhi (Gazetteer of Xilong department), 1673.
Xingyi fuzhi (Gazetteer of Xingyi prefecture), 1851.
Xu Xiake . Xu Xiake youji (The travel diaries of Xu Xiake). Original date unknown. 2 volumes. Shanghai: Shanghai Antiquities Publishing House, 1991.
Yan Yong and Fan Lixia . “Lun Nanlong qiyi shehui beijing, jingyan jiaoxun ji lishi yiyi” (Discussing the social background, experience, lessons, and historical significance of the “Nanlong Uprising”). Buyii xue yanjiu 3 (1991): 229–39.
Yang Bin. “Differentiation and analysis of the population documents in the early Qing Dynasty.” Chinese Journal of Population Science 9, no. 1 (1997): 1–8.
Zelin, Madeline. The Magistrate’s Tael: Rationalizing Fiscal Reform in Eighteenth-Century China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.
Zhou Guomao , ed. “Mojing wenxue: yizhong qite de wenxue leixing” (Mojing literature: a singular type of literature). In Buyizu Mojing wenxue (Buyi Mojing religious literature of the Buyi ethnic group). Edited by Zhou Guomao, Wei Xingru , and Wu Wenyi , 1–11. Guiyang: Guizhou renmin chubanshe, 1997.
———. Yizhong teshu de wenhua dianji: Buyizu Mojing yanjiu (A unique type of ancient texts: Research on the Mojing religious literature of the Buyi ethnic group). Guiyang: Guizhou renmin chubanshe, 2006.
———, Wei Xingru , and Wu Wenyi , eds. Buyizu Mojing wenxue (Mojing religious literature of the Buyi ethnic group). Guiyang: Guizhou renmin chubanshe, 1997.
Zhou Guoyan, “An Introduction to the Kam-Tai (Zhuang-Dong) Group of Languages in China.” In Languages and Cultures of the Kam-Tai (Zhuang Dong) Group: A Word List (English–Thai version). Edited by Zhou Guoyan and Somsonge Burusphat, 1–65. Bangkok: Sahadhammika Co. Ltd, 1996.
———. “Linguistic and Historical Explanations of the Names for the Buyi, a Group of Tai People in Southwestern China,” Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Languages and Linguistics, Pan-Asiatic Linguistics (January 8–10, 1996), 970. Accessed at sealang.net/sala/archives/pdf8/guoyan1996linguistic.pdf.