Copyright © 2005 by the University of Washington Press
Printed in United States of America
Designed by Pamela Canell
12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05 5 4 3 2 1
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
University of Washington Press
P.O. Box 50096, Seattle, WA 98145
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
On the margins of Tibet : cultural survival on the Sino-
Tibetan frontier / Ashild Kolas and Monika P. Thowsen.
p. cm. — (Studies on ethnic groups in China)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-295-98480-5 (alk. paper)
ISBN 0-295-98481-3 (pbk. : alk. paper)
1. Tibet (China)—Civilization.
I. Thowsen, Monika P.
II. Title. III. Series.
DS786.K695 2005 951'.505—dc22 2004021640
The paper used in this publication is acid-free and 90 percent recycled from at least 50 percent post-consumer waste. It meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1984.